Texas’ unique name originated from the Caddo word, “tejas.” This Native American word means “friends” or “allies.” Because Texas was a province of Mexico, they were then named Coahuila y Tejas due to the joining between Coahuila and Texas prior to Texas independence. Coahuila y Tejas was a constituent state divided into three districts, Béxar (Texas), Monclova (northern Coahuila), and Río Grande Saltillo (southern Coahuila).
Because the colonist residing in Texas were unhappy due to the conflicting cultures and political views of the Mexican government, they made the decision to fight for their independence. The Battle of Gonzales in 1835 marks the first fight that kick-started the Texas Revolution. Battles for independence thereafter include:
- The Battle of Goliad: Only a few days after the conflict, there was the Battle of Goliad. Texans viciously fought against Mexican soldiers and won the battle.
- The Battle of Concepcion: Although very outnumbered in the Battle of Concepcion in San Antonio, Texas won the conflict against the Mexican soldiers. Thus advancing their independence.
- Siege of Bexar: This was an important battle because Texans attacked Mexicans in San Antonio and with this victory, gained most of Texas.
- Battle of the Alamo: The Battle of the Alamo is perhaps one of the most memorable and important battles in the Texas Revolution. This event lasted 13 days and resulted in the death of all Sam Houston’s Alamo Texan soldiers, including Alamo co-commanders, James Bowie and William B. Travis.
- Battle of San Jacinto: This battle defined Texas independence from Mexico. It was led by Sam Houston and won in April of 1836.
Texas Declaration of
After the long and brutal battles between Mexicans and Texans, the Texas Declaration of Independence was officially signed on March 2, 1836. 59 appointed delegates from each Texan settlement, including Sam Houston, signed the Declaration of Independence. Once the document was signed, Coahuila y Tejas became the Republic of Texas and Sam Houston became the president.
Republic of Texas
Rafael Vasquez Invasion:
Naturally, Mexico was not fond of the new-found independence of Texas. Due to this conflict, Rafael Vasquez, along with his army, attempted to invade Texas on March 2, 1842. However, the Mexican Army ended up withdrawing.
Battle of Salado Creek:
This battle was a turning point because it was the last of the Mexican invasions in 1842. The Texas Rangers fought against the Mexican army during this battle and won. The Mexican Army then retreated.
The Texas Rangers initially began in 1823. Due to several Native American attacks on settlers, Stephen F. Austin arranged for 10 “rangers” to protect settlers and fight against the Indians. Years later, the Texas Rangers because a formal establishment and eventually led a group of over 300 men.
December 29, 1845, marks the calendar when the Republic of Texas was admitted into the United States of America as the 28th state.
In 1861, Texas declared U.S. secession and became a part of the Confederate States. Sam Houston, did not want to succeed from Texas. He was opposed to slavery and believed that succeeding from the Union would do more harm than good. However, Texas continued to succeed from the Union due to the threatened economy along with the desire to govern their own state. During the Civil War, Texas did not partake in any significant battles, however, they did provide supplies and goods to the Confederate soldiers. The Confederate States lost the Civil war and the federal troops began restoration. Restoration in Texas began June 19, 1865.